Skin aging is characterized by a number of changes in the structure, function and response to environmental factors. The skin is perhaps the most visible effects of aging. According to modern knowledge of skin aging is seen as a right, chronological aging, which is a general term, the inevitable changes that are the result of the flow of time and as photoaging, which is a result of exposure to sunlight, which is not universal and inevitable.
The epidermis (top layer of skin) in old age becomes thinner and loses moisture. The degree of epidermal thinned different. Epidermal cells become smaller, depending on the age and is not dependent on exposure to sunlight. Wound healing and epidermal repair (“skin repair after various injuries”) slow down the aging due to slow epidermopoeze (making cells of the epidermis).
Wrinkling of the skin that is aggravated by aging is the result of changes in the middle layer of skin, the dermis. The dermis is reduced in its entirety. With age decreases the amount of collagen and elastic fibers gradually disintegrate. Collagen and elastin are fibrous fibers that make the skin supple and full. They help connect and support the skin, and their characteristics make the skin flexible and toned.
The loss of elastin and collagen with age, leading to a relaxation of the skin. Although collagen and elastin can never be restored naturally in skin aging, all exercise, especially exercises for the face can help. Compensatory strengthening facial muscles increases the beauty of the skin.
Aging skin are observed irregularities in pigmentation. Slows the skin resorption. Over the years, reducing the production of sebum, reduces the number of eccrine sweat glands and the secretion of sweat.
The appearance of the skin in old age varies greatly among individuals, which is the best indicator of how the way of life, the role of the social environment and environmental conditions relevant. It is widely known that prolonged exposure to sunlight most important factor in premature skin aging. As already noted, the term denotes a range of chronic photoaging changes in skin exposed to prolonged sunlight. Strength of the skin changes associated with photoaging differs among individuals. This fact indicates the importance of inherited differences in the sensitivity of the skin and its reparations opportunities. For “good preservation of the skin and youthful appearance” with heritage are important habits and lifestyle, style of dress, occupation and the application protective funds.
Facial quality creams and natural treatments is fundamental and irreplaceable in maintaining youthful looking facial skin. With high-quality products, healthy eating, physical activity, and anything else that can prevent the tired look of the face and body, surgical interventions “rejuvenation” could substantially delay. There are a number of natural methods of rejuvenation, some of which are effective all those refreshing face, back skin tone and elasticity.
The modern way of life and accelerated pace in many people creates a feeling of chronic fatigue. In addition to symptoms of fatigue, lethargy, insomnia and inertia that accompany chronic fatigue, there are also the so-called. visible symptoms on the skin. Smoking, radiation, drugs and poor health habits increase the amount of free radicals, including the level of oxidative stress, as in many other disorders and underlying premature aging.
Healthy habits to healthy skin
First of all it is necessary to focus attention on enough sleep, proper nutrition and the regulation of digestion.
Hence the importance of childhood adopt healthy lifestyle habits and them as much as possible to adhere to in old age were in good physical and mental condition, and then our skin as a mirror of the entire body condition seem preserved. First of all it is necessary to focus attention on enough sleep, proper nutrition and the regulation of digestion. Care should be taken on an adequate intake of water in the body, and avoid sugary carbonated beverages, reduce intake of caffeine, alcohol, or omit it to minimize. Increase intake of fish, grains, fresh and dried fruit, nuts and seeds. Avoid and reduce cured, canned and refined carbohydrates. Vitamins C, E and A, and the minerals selenium and zinc are important for the maintenance of elastin and collagen. Mandatory application of sunscreen to protect and moisturise the skin during sun exposure application of creams with UV-radiation. Photoprotective agents have the greatest significance in the prevention of photoaging. Their timely and proper application prevent the numerous changes associated with photoaging: early appearance of wrinkles, keratoses, hyperpigmentation and hypopigmentation.
Physical activity affects the skin by increasing blood flow through the skin, bringing oxygen and nutrients. Oxygenated blood helps the removal of toxins and other pollution caused by metabolism, which accumulate and damage the skin and connective tissue. No matter which physical activity maintain your body in shape, it is important that it be regularly, with proper load and with proper optimal heart rate.
Generally, the skin condition can be improved by a healthy, positive lifestyle and good nutrition, exercise and increased self-care.
Photo by Taeng Do Jing / CC BY