Most bacteria in our bodies is harmless and it is necessary to have a certain amount of bacteria in the body so that the body could function normally. Probiotics are found in foods or supplements. They contain good bacteria that are commonly found in the intestines.
What are probiotics?
According to the official definition, probiotics are living organisms that have excellent performance on health when the organism found in the optimal amount. They are usually bacteria, but there are some types of fungi which function as a probiotic.
Probiotics can enter through supplements and food that has undergone bacterial fermentation. Probiotics should not be confused with prebiotics because they really prebiotic dietary fiber that help nourish healthy bacteria that are already in the intestine.
There are a number of different probiotics that have excellent performance on health. The most common probiotics are Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium. Most supplements combine different types of probiotics. These are a wide range of probiotics for which no sufficient scientific evidence to promote health.
The importance of microorganisms in the gut
A set of micro-organisms in the gut called intestinal flora. Your intestinal flora contains about a hundred different species of microorganisms. Are bacteria, fungi and viruses, but in fact the highest share of bacteria.
Most of the intestinal flora found in the colon. Scientists often point out that the intestinal flora forgotten organ because it actually performs a variety of functions, which is typical for organic systems. Intestinal flora involved in the regulation of metabolic and immune system.
But, not all organisms in the intestinal flora good. Intestinal flora is very sensitive to external stimuli, and studies have shown that unbalanced intestinal flora can increase the risk of developing a number of diseases, including obesity, type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, heart disease, colon cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, depression and other diseases and conditions. Probiotics and prebiotic fibers may help in establishing the balance of microorganisms in the intestinal flora and thus allow the forgotten organ works normally.
The health benefits of probiotics
Studies have shown that probiotics may alleviate chronic inflammation in the body, which is the leading cause of many diseases.
Anxiety and depression
Probiotics may help ease symptoms of depression and anxiety.
Several types of probiotics may regulate total cholesterol and reduce levels of LDL cholesterol.
It has been shown that probiotics are involved in regulation of blood pressure.
Several studies have shown that probiotics can stimulate the immune system work.
There is evidence to suggest that probiotics may be used to treat acne, eczema and relieve the symptoms of psoriasis.
Are there any precautions?
Probiotics are generally well tolerated by most people. But in the first few days after regular consumption of probiotics, you may notice changes in the work of the digestive system. It can be amplified gases or mild abdominal pain.
Probiotics can be dangerous for people with weakened immune systems, and then increase the risk of infection. It is recommended that probiotics particularly carefully brought by persons suffering from AIDS.